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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WP9TK18

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Identification of Signaling Pathways Dysregulated during Scrapie Pathogenesis using a Kinomics Approach Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
MST1
CaMK4
Multiplex Western blots
Prion disease
Neurotoxicity
Cytoplasmic PrP
CREB
Protein kinase
Scrapie
Pathogenesis
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Shott, Rory H
Supervisor and department
Schang, Luis M (Biochemistry)
Examining committee member and department
Holmes, Charles (Biochemistry)
Napper, Scott (Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan)
Westaway, David (Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases)
Aiken, Judd (Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases)
Department
Department of Biochemistry
Specialization

Date accepted
2016-12-07T14:01:50Z
Graduation date
2017-06:Spring 2017
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Prion diseases are a family of chronic lethal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and animals. The conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) to abnormal conformations (PrPSc) is accepted to be required for pathogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms whereby PrP conversion ultimately results in neuronal death remains poorly understood. Reversible protein phosphorylation by protein kinases and phosphatases regulates signal transduction. Dysregulated protein kinases are involved in the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases, including the neurodegenerative Alzheimer's and Parkinson’s diseases. Consequently, protein kinases have become major therapeutic targets. Protein kinases are also involved in prion disease pathogenesis. However, the signaling pathways most critical to pathogenesis are yet unknown. In this thesis, I describe the development of a multiplex Western blot-based kinomics approach to identify signaling pathways dysregulated during prion disease pathogenesis. This approach was validated using an in vitro model of prion pathogenesis, N2a neuroblastoma cells expressing cytoplasmic PrP mutants. The application of the kinomics approach to an in vivo model, mice infected with scrapie, revealed the dysregulation of two signaling pathways involved in neuronal survival or death at different times after infection. The pro-survival CaMK4β/CREB signaling pathway was activated at pre-clinical stages, but returned to mock-infected levels prior to the onset of clinical disease and the activation of pro-death MST1 signaling. My discovery that CaMK4β/CREB and MST1 signaling is dysregulated in mice infected with scrapie expands our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of prion-mediated neuronal death and identifies potential targets to further evaluate the roles of these pathways in prion disease pathogenesis.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3WP9TK18
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication
RH Shott, C Appanah, C Grenier, G Tremblay, X Roucou, LM Schang, “Development of kinomic analyses to identify dysregulated signaling pathways in cells expressing cytoplasmic PrP”. 2014. Virology Journal 11:175RH Shott, A Majer, KL Frost, SA Booth, LM Schang, “Activation of pro-survival CaMK4β/CREB and pro-death MST1 signaling at early and late times during a mouse model of prion disease”. 2014. Virology Journal 11:160

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