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Role of brain FABP and its ligands in malignant glioma cell migration Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
fatty acids
glioma
fabp7
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Mita, Raja
Supervisor and department
Godbout, Roseline (Oncology)
Examining committee member and department
Field, Catherine (Agriculture Food and Nutrition Sciences)
Baracos, Vickie (Oncology)
Spener, Friedrich (Molecular Biology and Biochemistry)
Turner, Joan (Oncology)
Shaw, Andrew (Oncology)
Department
Department of Oncology
Specialization

Date accepted
2010-08-30T19:21:43Z
Graduation date
2010-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Patients diagnosed with malignant glioma tumours have median survivals of 1.6 yrs and 5 months, respectively, highlighting the deadly nature of this disease. Despite aggressive multimodal treatment, patients with malignant glioma often present with secondary brain tumours at sites distal to the primary tumour mass. These secondary tumours are a consequence of ‘renegade’ neoplastic cells that infiltrate the surrounding normal brain, a hallmark feature of malignant glioma. Brain fatty acid-binding protein (FABP7), which binds omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and omega-6 arachidonic acid (AA), is overexpressed and associated with a poor prognosis in patients with malignant glioma compared with normal brain. These data suggest that FABP7 plays an important role in gliomagenesis; however, the mechanism(s) underlying a role for FABP7 in malignant glioma has, until now, been unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that expression of FABP7 in malignant glioma cells is accompanied by increased cell migration. Consistent with our in vitro results, we show that expression of FABP7 in astrocytoma tumours is associated with sites of tumour infiltration and tumour recurrence. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the fatty-acid ligands of FABP7 affect cell migration in an FABP7-dependent manner. More specifically, DHA inhibits migration, whereas AA stimulates cell migration. Finally, we reveal that uptake and incorporation of DHA and AA in the phospholipids of malignant glioma cells is enhanced by FABP7 expression, suggesting a mechanism by which DHA and AA may affect cell migration by altering signal transduction at the cell membrane. We propose that the inherent ability of malignant glioma cells to express the radial glial marker FABP7 underlies their infiltrative capacity, allowing tumour cells to migrate long distances from the main tumour mass. We propose a model whereby FABP7 expression and relative levels of DHA and AA determine tumour infiltrative potential. Our findings provide insight into the role of FABP7 and its fatty acid ligands in controlling the migration of malignant glioma cells and point to the potential use of DHA as a natural anti-infiltrative agent in the treatment of malignant glioma. We believe that targeting FABP7-expressing cells may make a significant impact on the treatment of high grade astrocytomas.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3801Q
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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