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Menu planning and individual counseling as strategies to improve diet quality in people with type 2 diabetes: results from a pilot study Open Access


Other title
Type 2 diabetes
Individual counseling
Diet quality
Menu planning
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Soria, Diana C
Supervisor and department
Chan, Catherine (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
Examining committee member and department
McCargar, Linda (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
Berry, Tanya (Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation)
Storey, Kate (Department of Public Health Sciences)
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Nutrition and Metabolism
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
This 12-week study evaluated the effectiveness of menu planning and individual counseling in improving diet quality and health parameters among 15 type 2 diabetes patients using a pretest-posttest design. Perceived dietary adherence was measured and three-day food records were obtained to determine nutrient intakes, servings of food groups and the Healthy Eating Index (diet quality). Glycated hemoglobin, lipid parameters, weight, waist circumference and body composition were measured. There was a decrease in sodium intake (in women), and an increase in perceived dietary adherence (p<0.05). No significant changes were observed in diet quality. Glycated hemoglobin, weight, waist circumference, BMI and fat mass decreased, while HDL-cholesterol and fat free mass increased (p<0.05). Changes in health parameters were greater among participants who improved their diet quality. Menu planning was shown to be feasible and effective for diabetes management; however, more research is needed to establish the long-term benefits and feasibility of this approach.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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