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- 4Proctor, Spencer D.
- 3Field, Catherine J.
- 2Reaney, Martin J.
- 2Ruth, Megan R.
- 2Vine, Donna F.
- 2Wang, Ye
Current issues surrounding the definition of trans-fatty acids: Implications for health, industry and food labelsDownload
The definition of trans-fatty acids (TFA) was established by the Codex Alimentarius to guide nutritional and legislative regulations to reduce TFA consumption. Currently, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is excluded from the TFA definition based on evidence (primarily preclinical studies) implying...
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). While altered systemic inflammation is associated with the development T2D, the effects of obesity on immune function are not well known. It is not known why some obese individuals develop T2D, and some remain healthy....
Vaccenic acid (VA) is a ruminant-derived trans-fat and precursor of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of VA on immune function in a model of the metabolic syndrome, JCR:LA-cp rats. Lean (2:1 mix of +/cp and +/+) and obese (cp/cp) rats,...
Vaccenic acid suppresses intestinal inflammation by increasing the endocannabinoid anandamide and non-cannabinoid signaling molecules in a rat model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
Jacome-Sosa, Miriam, Proctor, Spencer D., Field, Catherine J., Vacca, Claudia, Nelson, Randy C., Mangat, Rabban, Reaney, Martin J., Curtis, Jonathan M., Banni, Sebastiano, Diane, Abdoulaye, Piomelli, Daniele, Igarash, Miki, Vine, Donna F., Shen, Jianheng
Vaccenic acid (VA), the predominant ruminant-derived trans fat in the food chain, ameliorates hyperlipidemia, yet mechanisms remain elusive. We investigated whether VA could influence tissue endocannabinoids (ECs) by altering the availability of their biosynthetic precursor, arachidonic acid...
Vaccenic and elaidic acid modify plasma and splenocyte membrane phospholipids and mitogen-stimulated cytokine production in obese insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp ratsDownload
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean...