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Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) is a novel imaging technology providing high micron-scale lateral spatial resolution to visualize superficial structures in vivo with optical-absorption contrast. The term “optical resolution” is used since the lateral resolution of the system...
The detection and identification of biomarkers and metabolites in the low mass range has become prominent in clinical diagnoses, disease monitoring and for tracking drug interactions. Laser desorption/ionization techniques have been applied as a powerful tool in this field because of their speed...
Development of imaging-based techniques to examine signalling properties of channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITRs)Download
Cells of the innate immune system have the ability to rapidly detect and eliminate pathogens using surface-expressed immunoregulatory receptors that translate extracellular binding into effector functions such as degranulation, cytokine secretion, cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and phagocytosis....
Structural brain changes occur in a complex manner throughout life, and understanding healthy brain development is crucial for the study of brain abnormalities in various conditions. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an advanced magnetic resonance imaging technique that provides information about...
Estimating accurate images of the subsurface is one of the end products of seismic data processing. Numerical solutions to the wave equation allow designing linearized forward operators. The adjoint of the linearized forward operator is used to image the interior of the earth. The adjoint...
Corbel, Stephane, Miller-Jones, James C. A., Fender, Rob P., Gallo, Elena, Maccarone, Thomas J., O'Brien, Tim, Paragi, Zsolt, Rupen, Michael P., Rushton, Anthony, Sabatini, Sabina, Sivakoff, Gregory Robert, Strader, Jay, Woudt, Patrick Alan
The universal link between the processes of accretion and ejection leads to the formation of jets and outflows around accreting compact objects. Incoherent synchrotron emission from these outflows can be observed from a wide range of accreting binaries, including black holes, neutron stars, and...
Background The objective of this study is to analyze a set of previously developed and proposed image segmentation protocols for precision in both intra- and inter-rater reliability for in vivo tooth volume measurements using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Methods Six 3D volume...
Fast ignition (FI) decouples the compression and ignition in normal Inertial Confinement Fusion schemes, and can rely on hot electron transport to ignite the compressed core. In order to study electron transport, characteristic K-alpha X-ray emission from copper tracer layers is often employed. A...
Molecular imaging of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and autotaxin (ATX) in cancer using positron emission tomography (PET)Download
Positron emission tomography (PET) relies on the use of β+-emitting radionuclide-bearing molecules congregating and decaying at a specific site of interest. Use of these molecules, called radiotracers, which target common tumor characteristics has become a pillar in the diagnosis of cancer and...
Background: Advancements in stroke imaging have allowed clinicians to more accurately select acute ischemic stroke patients for reperfusion therapies. This has moved patient selection from a time-based to an imaging-based paradigm. With few studies directly assessing the differences between...