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[...] withdrawals would be based on the stock of assets in the fund, which depend on contributions from all previous years. Since this stock is unlikely to change much from year to year, withdrawals from the fund would be quite stable.
This study uses Monte Carlo methods to examine the impact on welfare of several types of commonly used fiscal rules. The simulations employ an expected intertemporal welfare function and the parameters from a three-variable structural VAR estimated using data for sixteen European countries. The...
Does a discount rate rule ensure a pension plan can pay promised benefits without excessive asset accumulation?Download
The choice of discount rate makes a substantial difference to the magnitude of the assets required to ensure a pension plan is fully funded. Finance theory suggests that the discount rate should equal the default-free rate, but pension plan administrators argue for a rate equal to the long run...
This study takes as its basic premise that, although monetary policy in Canada during the post-second World War period has been extensively documented and analyzed, the broad strategies and outcomes of fiscal policy are not as well documented or understood. As a result, a large part of the study...
Aggregate and sector-level investment equations that incorporate the exchange rate are estimated for a panel of 17 OECD countries using an error correction methodology. A real currency depreciation is found to have a significant negative effect on aggregate investment in both the short run and...
This Commentary examines how the choice of a pension plan discount rate affects the tradeoff between the risk of holding insufficient assets to pay promised benefits and the cost of acquiring more assets. The choice of discount rate can have a dramatic effect on the value of a plan’s liabilities...
While the theoretical literature on firm reputation is well developed, there exist few empirical studies that quantify the importance of reputation effects. This paper and reputation using data from the market for Bordeaux wine. A model is proposed in which price is a function of current quality...
Resource prices, and petroleum prices in particular, are volatile and difficult to predict, so government revenue in resource-producing regions is also uncertain and volatile. Adjusting government expenditure in response to these revenue movements involves economic, social and political costs....