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Virus Induced Asthma Exacerbations: Immunologic Mechanisms and Metabolomic Biomarkers
Asthma is a complex multifaceted chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized clinically by reversible airflow obstruction, shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and is differentiated into many phenotypes with multiple triggers....
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
Invited major book review of M. Cannon & L. Sunseri, (2011), “Racism, Colonialism, and Indigeneity in Canada: A Reader”Download
Book Review: Racism, Colonialism, and Indigeneity in Canada: A Reader, Edited by Martin J. Cannon and Lina Sunseri. Toronto: Oxford University Press Canada, 2011, paperback, 284 pages. ISBN 978-0-1954-3231-2
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Inhibition and enhancement of Respiratory Syncytial Virus replication by nucleoside analogues and bis(indole) compoundsDownload
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an Orthopneumovirus that infects the epithelium of the airways. Severe RSV infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants is a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations. RSV also causes substantial morbidity in immunocompromised and elderly populations....
We have shown previously that CrhC is a unique member of the DEAD-box family of RNA helicases whose expression occurs specifically under conditions of cold stress. Here we show that recombinant His-tagged CrhC, purified from Escherichia coli, is an ATP-independent RNA binding protein possessing...
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
Mast cells are immune cells important in innate immunity. Besides their role in asthma and allergies, mast cells are critical effector cells against various pathogens. Mast cells are established to be protective against bacterial infections, but little is known about their functions in viral...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...