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- 1Baluch, Aliyah
- 1Bergeron, Amber
- 1Fagan-Garcia, Katharine
- 1Griffiths, Cameron
- 1Jensen, Lionel D
- 1Kumar, Ankit
- 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
- 3Department of Medicine
- 2Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- 1Department of Biological Sciences
- 1Department of Cell Biology
- 1Medical Sciences-Paediatrics
Inhibition and enhancement of Respiratory Syncytial Virus replication by nucleoside analogues and bis(indole) compoundsDownload
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an Orthopneumovirus that infects the epithelium of the airways. Severe RSV infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants is a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations. RSV also causes substantial morbidity in immunocompromised and elderly populations....
Development of Oral Influenza Vaccine Delivery System Utilizing pH Responsive Pored MicroparticlesDownload
Influenza is a major respiratory disease caused by influenza virus. Recent spread of the extremely pathogenic avian and swine influenza viruses paint a morbid picture of the emergence of a more lethal influenza virus in future. Currently, hypodermic needles are being dominantly employed in...
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...
These two studies investigate the immune responses of lung and kidney transplant recipients to the influenza vaccine. The study involving kidney transplant recipients developed a novel flow cytometry assay to measure cell-mediated immunity in response to influenza vaccination. The activation of...
Diabetes and Influenza-Attributable Illness: The Rationale for Targeted Influenza Vaccinations in Adults with DiabetesDownload
While guidelines for seasonal influenza vaccinations single out working age (< 65) adults with diabetes, vaccination rates in this group remain below national targets. Historically, there has been limited evidence to support these guidelines. This dissertation comprises four studies investigating...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Immunogenicity of intramuscular influenza vaccine is suboptimal in organ transplant recipients although intradermal vaccine may be superior by targeting dermal dendritic cells to stimulate a response. 229 patients were randomized to IM or high-dose ID vaccine during the 2010-11 season. Pre- and...
Poxviruses encode many genes that are orthologs of cellular genes. These orthologs serve many functions, but those that are of most interest are ones that have evolved further and now serve an immune-evasion function. Such genes were likely first acquired by poxviruses through some form of...