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- 1Fagan-Garcia, Katharine
- 1Griffiths, Cameron
- 1Hosseini, Seyedeh Nargess
- 1Jensen, Lionel D
- 1Magee, Wendy C
- 1Marcet, Candy
- 5Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
- 1Department of Biochemistry
- 1Department of Cell Biology
- 1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
- 1Department of Chemistry
- 1Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Inhibition and enhancement of Respiratory Syncytial Virus replication by nucleoside analogues and bis(indole) compoundsDownload
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an Orthopneumovirus that infects the epithelium of the airways. Severe RSV infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants is a leading cause of pediatric hospitalizations. RSV also causes substantial morbidity in immunocompromised and elderly populations....
This thesis examines the pathophysiology of asthma, attempts to determine the cellular mechanisms behind viral-induced immune memory mediated asthma exacerbations, and investigates urinary metabolomic biomarkers of asthma and neonatal hypoxia.
Most antivirals target viral proteins and are specific for only one virus, or even one viral genotype. Whereas viral proteins are encoded in the plastic viral genome, virion lipids are not and their rearrangements during fusion of the virion envelope to cellular membranes are conserved among...
The mechanism of action of cidofovir and (S)-9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine against viral polymerasesDownload
The nucleoside phosphonates cidofovir (CDV) and (S)-9-[3-hydroxy-(2-phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine [(S)-HPMPA] are analogs of dCMP and dAMP, respectively. Collectively these drugs are effective inhibitors of a wide range of DNA viruses, RNA viruses, and retroviruses. Because they are nucleotide...
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Poxviruses encode many genes that are orthologs of cellular genes. These orthologs serve many functions, but those that are of most interest are ones that have evolved further and now serve an immune-evasion function. Such genes were likely first acquired by poxviruses through some form of...
Treatment of Antiviral Drugs in Wastewater Using Advanced Oxidation Processes - Ozonation of Oseltamivir PhosphateDownload
While wastewater treatment facilities are designed to remove contaminants from water before it returns to the environment, unfortunately, not all of these facilities are effective in the removal of micropollutants (MPs). Antiviral drugs are a class of MPs that have become an area of concern due...
Infectious respiratory diseases, caused by viruses and bacteria that attack the respiratory system, constitute a serious threat in public health around the world. Pathogens can be transmitted in the air though large droplets or aerosols. As aerosols can linger in the environment for a prolonged...