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- 2Farhangfar, Arazm
- 2Gänzle, Michael G.
- 2Sawyer, Michael B.
- 1Abbasi Dezfouli, Meysam
- 1Almasud,Alaa A
- 1Ayoub, Ahmed T
Eicosapentaenoic and Docosahexaenoic Fatty Acids Modify Skeletal Muscle Fat Infiltration in an Animal Model of Colorectal Cancer Receiving ChemotherapyDownload
Background: Myosteatosis is defined as low skeletal muscle radio-density with elevated amounts of intermuscular adipose tissue, assessed using computed tomography. Myosteatosis has been recently observed to be associated with mortality in people with cancer. Previous work from our lab reported...
Tamoxifen is the accepted therapy for patients with estrogen receptor α (ERα)−positive breast cancer. However, clinical resistance to tamoxifen, as demonstrated by recurrence or progression on therapy, is frequent and precedes death from metastases. To improve breast cancer treatment it is vital...
Microtubules are cellular structures that are crucial to many cellular functions including maintenance of cell shape, vesicular transport, and cell division. The dynamic instability of microtubules is the basic feature which enables them to do their cellular functions. Their pivotal role in cell...
Despite the research to date, the characteristics and impact of cognitive dysfunction (CD) in cancer patients following chemotherapy is still not well understood. It is estimated approximately 20% of patients will manifest measurable cognitive deficits on neuropsychological testing...
The role of intestinal microbiota in development of irinotecan toxicity and in toxicity reduction through dietary fibres in ratsDownload
CPT-11 is a drug used as chemotherapy for colorectal cancer. CPT-11 causes toxic side-effects in patients. CPT-11 toxicity has been attributed to the activity of intestinal microbiota, however, intestinal microbiota may also have protective effects in CP!-11 chemotherapy. This study aimed to...
Intestinal microbiota mediate toxicity of irinotecan (CPT-11) cancer therapies and cause systemic infection after CPT-11-induced loss of barrier function. The intestinal microbiota and their functions are thus potential targets for treatment to mitigate CPT-11 toxicity. However, microbiota...
Conventional chemotherapy agents can kill tumor cells and inhibit tumor growth, but they produce severe side effects on normal cells at the same time. To shift the balance towards tumoral effects, it would be desirable to direct the anti-cancer drug towards tumor while restricting drug access to...
Non digestible carbohydrates in the diet determine toxicity of irinotecan (CPT-11)/5-fluorouracil in rats independently of β-glucuronidase activity in intestinal lumenDownload
Aim of this study was to assess effects of non-digestible carbohydrates on the pathobiology of mucosal injury after chemotherapy. Rats bearing colon tumor (n=6/diet) were fed diets including 8% (w/w) as either cellulose, inulin, fructo-oligosaccharide (OligoF), 50:50 (w/w) inulin and oligoF...
This study determined how chemotherapy treatment for colorectal cancer alters hepatic fat metabolism. Livers were isolated from tumor-bearing animals after one and two cycles of chemotherapy consisting of irinotecan plus 5-fluorouracil. Fatty acid amounts and composition within triglycerides (TG)...
Lipid Modified Polymers for Transfection of Human CRL Fibroblasts, and for siRNA Mediated MDR Reversal in Melanoma Cancer TherapyDownload
Gene delivery for therapeutic purposes is quickly emerging as the best potential treatment option for inherited genetic diseases and cancer. Viral gene carriers have been the choice for this purpose due to their high efficiency, but harmful immunogenic and oncogenic host reactions have limited...