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Bioinformatic analyses in early host response to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus PRRSV reveals pathway differences between pigs with alternate genotypes for a major host response QTLDownload
Bao, Hua, Schroyen, Martine, Rowland, Robert R.R., Guan, Le L., Stothard, Paul, Reecy, James M., Fritz-Waters, Eric, Koltes, James E., Kommadath, Arun, Plastow, Graham S., Eisley, Christopher, Tuggle, Christopher K. , Dekkers, Jack C.M., Lunney, Joan K., Choi, Igseo
Background A region on Sus scrofa chromosome 4 (SSC4) surrounding single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker WUR10000125 (WUR) has been reported to be strongly associated with both weight gain and serum viremia in pigs after infection with PRRS virus (PRRSV). A proposed causal mutation in the...
Comparative transcriptomic analysis of rectal tissue from beef steers revealed reduced host immunity in Escherichia coli O157:H7 super-sheddersDownload
Super-shedder cattle are a major disseminator of E. coli O157:H7 into the environment, and the terminal rectum has been proposed as the primary E. coli O157:H7 colonization site. This study aimed to identify host factors that are associated with the super-shedding process by comparing...
Effect of medicinal plant by-products supplementation to total mixed ration on growth performance, carcass characteristics and economic efficacy in the late fattening period of Hanwoo steersDownload
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of medicinal plant by-products (MPB) supplementation to a total mixed ration (TMR) on growth, carcass characteristics and economic efficacy in the late fattening period of Hanwoo steers. Twenty seven steers (body weight [BW], 573±57 kg) were...
Effects of flavonoid-rich plant extracts on in vitro ruminal methanogenesis, microbial populations and fermentation characteristicsDownload
The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects of flavonoid-rich plant extracts (PE) on ruminal fermentation characteristics and methane emission by studying their effectiveness for methanogenesis in the rumen. A fistulated Holstein cow was used as a donor of rumen fluid. The PE...
Genome-wide whole blood microRNAome and transcriptome analyses revealed miRNA-mRNA regulated host response to foodborne pathogen Salmonella infection in swineDownload
To understand the role of miRNAs in regulating genes involved in host response to bacterial infection and shedding of foodborne pathogens, a systematic profiling of miRNAs and mRNAs from the whole blood of pigs upon Salmonella challenge was performed. A total of 62 miRNAs were differentially...
Although infectious diseases impose a heavy economic burden on the cattle industry, the etiology of many disorders that affect livestock is not fully elucidated, and effective countermeasures are often lacking. The main tools available until now have been vaccines, antibiotics and antiparasitic...