Characterization of Clay Minerals and Kerogen in Alberta Oil Sands Geological End Members

  • Author / Creator
    Zheng, Limin
  • The high degree of variability of oil sands ores can be attributed to a mixture of different geological end members, i.e., estuarine sand, estuarine clay, marine sand and marine clay. This study focused on the mineralogy, especially of clay minerals, and toluene insoluble organic matter, referred to as kerogen, in different oil sands end members. Clays and kerogens will likely have a significant impact on solvent recovery from the gangue following non-aqueous bitumen extraction. The bitumen-free solids were subjected to mineralogical and geochemical analysis. Kerogens were isolated and analyzed by various characterization methods. The types of clays were identified in oriented samples by X-ray diffraction analysis. The nitrogen to carbon ratio in the isolated kerogens is found to be higher than in bitumen. There are more type III kerogens in estuarine samples and more type II kerogens in marine samples.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Etsell, Thomas (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
    • Liu, Qi (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
    • Ivey, Douglas (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dehghanpour, Hassan (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Ivey, Douglas (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
    • Etsell, Thomas (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
    • Chung, Hyun-Joong (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Liu, Qi (Chemical & Materials Engineering)