Skeletal muscle fat infiltration is reversed by dietary fish oil in an animal model of colorectal cancer receiving irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil

  • Author / Creator
    Giles, Kaitlin H
  • This study aimed to assess the effect of a Ward colorectal tumour, and irinotecan + 5-fluorouracil after 1- or 2-cycles in rats fed a diet with or without fish oil (FO), on the amount and types of fatty acids in rat skeletal muscle. Upon chemotherapy initiation, rats remained on control diet or began FO diet. Gastrocnemius muscles were isolated before tumour implantation, before chemotherapy, and after 1- and 2-cycles. Triglyceride (TG) and phospholipid (PL) fatty acids (FAs) were extracted, separated, and quantified. Compared to healthy rats, tumour-bearing rats exhibited higher TG-FA content. After 1-cycle, FO-fed rats exhibited lower TG-FA content compared to tumour-bearing rats. Compared to control-feeding, FO-feeding resulted in lower TG-FA after both 1- and 2-cycles. N-3 FA content in muscle TG-FA and PL-FA was higher in FO group compared to control-fed. This study suggests that FO fed during chemotherapy may attenuate tumour- and chemotherapy-associated skeletal muscle TG-FA infiltration.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition & Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Vera Mazurak (Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Carla Prado (Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Sciences)
    • Dr. Ted Putman (Physical Education and Recreation)
    • Dr. Vickie Baracos (Department of Oncology)