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Electrodynamics of magnetosphere‐ionosphere coupling and feedback on magnetospheric field line resonances

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  • We present a new dynamic model that describes coupling between standing inertial or ion-acoustic-gyroradius-scale shear Alfven waves, compressional modes, and auroral density disturbances. The model is applied to the excitation of field line resonances (FLRs) in dipolar and stretched geomagnetic fields in Earth's magnetosphere. Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling is included by accounting for the closure of magnetospheric fieldaligned currents (FACs) through Pedersen currents in the ionosphere. A second new aspect is that the height- integrated Pedersen conductivity is treated as a dynamic parameter by electrodynamically coupling the two- dimensional finite element wave model \"Topo'' to the ionospheric ionization model \"Global Airglow Model (GLOW).'' We demonstrate that field line stretching brings the equatorial plasma b above unity, where the reduced MHD formulism for low- frequency plasma breaks down. As an application of our model, we study a specific FLR event observed on 31 January 1997, when the NASA FAST satellite was over the Canadian Auroral Network for the OPEN Program Unified Study (CANOPUS) Gillam station. Using geomagnetic fields computed from the T96 magnetic field model, we show that auroral electron precipitation produces strong Pedersen conductivity enhancements that control the final amplitude and width of the excited FLR, along with the amplitude of associated density fluctuations. The predictions of the model are generally consistent with observations of this event.

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    © 2007 American Geophysical Union. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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    • Lu, J. Y., Rankin, Robert, Marchand, Richard, Rae, I. Johnathan, Wang, Wenbin, Solomon, Stanley C., & Lei, J. (2007). Electrodynamics of magnetosphere‐ionosphere coupling and feedback on magnetospheric field line resonances. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 112(A10), [pp. 1-11].
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