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Development of Microfluidic Chips and a Customised Flow Control System for use in a Label-Free Cytometer

  • Author / Creator
    Ha, Debbie Feng Shan
  • Conventional cytometry uses fluorescently labelled cells that are laborious and costly to prepare. Using a label-free technique, individual cells can be differentiated by light scattering patterns, a result of different physical attributes. This thesis describes the development of a microfluidic label-free cytometer. The key components include a microfluidic chip, a laser light scattering system for cell characterization, and a microfluidic flow control system. A PDMS microfluidic chip was developed and described in detail. A customised flow control system with sorting functionality was constructed to respond faster than commercial pumps. The linear relationship between applied pump pressure and average flow speed was confirmed experimentally, as well as a sorting flow response of 48.3ms or less. Results from laser light scatter experiments with different biological cells were presented, where scatter patterns for each cell type were visually distinguishable.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3X921S76
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Microsystems and Nanodevices
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Tsui, Ying Y. (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Rozmus, Wojciech (Physics)
    • DeCorby, Ray (Electrical and Computer Engineering)