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Comorbidity, body composition and the progression of advanced colorectal cancer

  • Author / Creator
    Lieffers, Jessica
  • The purpose of this work was to further understand nutritional status, especially body weight and composition, during colorectal cancer progression. Population-based studies of colorectal cancer patients were conducted using administrative health data (primary and co-morbid diseases, demographics), and computed tomography (CT) imaging (body composition). In cohort 1, administrative health data was used to study comorbidities and nutritional status in 574 colorectal cancer patients referred for chemotherapy. Multivariate Cox regression revealed several comorbidities, performance status and weight loss ≥ 20% predicted survival. In cohort 2, a serial CT image analysis assessed longitudinal body composition changes during the last 12 months preceding death from colorectal cancer (n=34). Body composition changes were typified by exponential increases in liver metastases with concurrent accelerations of muscle and fat loss. These results have the potential to make a difference in how colorectal cancer patients are treated and researched by dietitians, oncologists, and health services researchers.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R33X6C
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Baracos, Vickie (Oncology and Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Fassbender, Konrad (Oncology)
    • McCargar, Linda (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)