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Electron inertial effects on geomagnetic field line resonances

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • A three-dimensional compressible resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulation code, with inclusion of the fully generalized Ohm's law, has been developed to study the nonlinear evolution of field line resonances in Earth's magnetosphere. A simple Cartesian box model of an inhomogeneous plasma with straight geomagnetic field lines is used, and the Alfven velocity increases monotonically from the magnetopause boundary layer toward Earth. A monochromatic fast mode compressional oblique wave is applied from the direction of the magnetopause boundary layer, pumping energy into the magnetosphere. The fast mode wave, while propagating toward Earth, is partially reflected at the turning point (located at radial distances between 8 and 10 R(E) in the equatorial plane) and then couples to shear Alfven waves, leading to the formation of large-amplitude field line resonances near Earth. The field line resonances are observed to narrow to several electron inertia lengths within several wave periods of the driver wave, and electron inertial effects become important at this stage. Final profiles near the resonance are very similar to Airy functions, indicating that electron inertial effects become important before possible nonlinear effects. The electron inertial effects lead to oscillating parallel electric field which might be potential accelerators for electrons in some types of auroral arcs.

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    Article (Published)
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    © 1994 American Geophysical Union. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Wei, C. Q., Samson, J. C., Rankin, Robert, & Frycz, P. (1994). Electron inertial effects on geomagnetic field line resonances. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 99(A6), 11265-11276.
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