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Weeds promote greater arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi benefit in organically managed spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivation system

  • Author / Creator
    Kubota, Hiroshi
  • Weeds appear to enhance soil microbial benefit in organic agricultuer. We examined effects of weed and microbial effects on spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield and quality under organic management systems. Canadian spring wheat cultivars were planted in weed-free and weedy treatments in 2010 and 2011, and soil microbial profiles were examined using phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis. The proportion of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) increased and was greater in the weedy plots than in the weed-free plots over the growing season. This greater proportion was associated with greater total plant biomass accumulation but lowered grain yield in the weedy plots. The high yielding semi-dwarf and later maturing cultivars appeared to be yield-stable in organic systems. It may be effective to choose late maturing semi-dwarf cultivars to achieve higher grain yields and benefit through soil microbial communities in organic systems.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R39W5H
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Plant Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Spaner, Dean (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Quideau, Sylvie (Renewable Resources)
    • Dyck, Miles (Renewable Resources)