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Microstructural Characterization of Asphaltenes on Surfaces

  • Author / Creator
    Mehranfar, Mahsa
  • Crude oils contain a distribution of molecules with diverse chemical structures and molecular weights. Asphaltenes are considered the most problematic of these structures. We have investigated the adsorption and aggregation of asphaltenes on surfaces using scanning probe microscopy. Modifying the chemical properties of surfaces using self-assembled monolayers (SAM) can change the wettability and adsorption characteristics of molecules. We have investigated adsorption of asphaltenes on gold substrates modified using dodecanethiol SAM. The molecular characteristics and thickness of the monolayers were determined using Fourier Transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and ellipsometry, respectively. The results showed that SAM inhibits the adsorption of asphaltenes on surface. To investigate the morphology of asphatlene aggregates, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM). In addition to qualitative observations of structural changes, quantitative changes in adhesion and contact potential differences (VCPD) of asphaltene aggregates as a function of temperature were also carried out.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3W39C
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Thundat, Thomas (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Shaw, John (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Mitra, Sushanta (Mechanical Engineering)