Reconnaissance of rockslide hazards in Kananaskis Country, Alberta

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Kananaskis Country is situated in the Front Ranges of the Canadian Rockies in southwestern Alberta. Sedimentary rock thrust northeastwards forms mountain ridges that trend northwest–southeast parallel to the major thrust faults. Older, Palaeozoic rocks—mainly limestone and dolomite—form the ridges and peaks. Younger, Mesozoic rocks—sandstones, quartzites, siltstones, shales, conglomerates, and coals—are more easily eroded and form mountain passes and valleys.A reconnaissance mapped 228 rockslides, 8 km2 of rockslide debris and 96 km2 of talus. The largest rockslide exceeds 50 × 106 m3. Rockslides are most probable in the Devonian Palliser Formation, then in the Permo-Pennsylvanian Rocky Mountain Group, Mississippian Rundle Group, Devonian Fairholme Group, Mississippian Banff Formation, and the younger detrital rocks. Rockslides are most probable on dip and overdip slopes, followed by reverse-dip slopes, oblique and strike-dip slopes, and underdip slopes. Large rock masses have not slid on slopes below their basic friction angle, The reconnaissance shows that certain facilities in valleys below steep mountain slopes are exposed to rockslide hazards, and provides a guide for the location of new facilities. Analyses of two mountain slopes show that there are large, hypothetical hazards in Kananaskis. Rockslides are likely and could be destructive. Key words: Front Ranges, Rocky Mountains, Alberta, rockslides, hazards.

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  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
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  • License
    © 1987 NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing). This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Cruden, D. M., & Eaton, T. M. (1987). Reconnaissance of rockslide hazards in Kananaskis Country, Alberta. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 24(3), 414-429. DOI: 10.1139/t87-052.