Comparative responses of bulls and steers to transportation

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Seven groups of six bulls and seven groups of six steers were transported separately by truck for either 10 min or 2 h. Body weight, rectal temperature, respiratory rate, serum cortisol, and a chute score were recorded before and after trucking. Heart rate was monitored by telemetry in one animal per group. The bulls were significantly heavier than the steers (513 vs. 473 kg), and had significantly lower serum cortisol levels (1.9 vs. 4.8 μmg/dL). The steers showed a significantly greater increase in rectal temperature than the bulls during the 2-h haul (0.5 vs. 0 °C); there were no other statistically significant differences between the two genders. Overall, the reactions of the bulls and steers to trucking were similar and minor. The longer haul caused a greater percentage weight loss (2.2 vs. 1.6%) than the shorter haul. It is concluded that transportation by road for up to 2 h need not be a stressful experience to bulls or steers.

  • Date created
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
  • License
    @1984 Tennessen, T., Price, M. A., Berg, R. T. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Tennessen, T., Price, M.A. and Berg, R.T. (1984). Comparative responses of bulls and steers to transportation. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 64, 333-338. doi: 10.4141/cjas84-039
  • Link to related item