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Erbium Fiber Laser Developement For Applications in Sensing

  • Author / Creator
    Sindhu, Sunita
  • The focus of this dissertation is the development of Erbium doped fiber laser sources for applications in dual pulse LIBS and hydrocarbon sensing in the oil industries. A single channel laser source suitable for the dual pulse LIBS is built and characterized which required both a higher energy ablation pulse and a second narrow linewidth resonant excitation pulse in the near UV wavelength range. For this source a two stage double pass erbium doped fiber amplifier is used to amplify the narrow linewidth laser pulse input from a DFB laser diode. The input pulse with the energy of 0.4 nJ is amplified to 4 μJ in the first stage amplifier and then is further amplified up to an energy of 50 μJ in a second stage amplification. The second stage amplification is carried out with the help of large mode area Er/Yb codoped fiber. The first and second stages of the amplification were thoroughly characterized by studying various parameters under different pump conditions. The frequency upconversion of the amplified laser pulse is carried out with the help of PPLN (frequency doubled) and BBO crystal (frequency quadrupled). The pulse energies of about 50 μJ for the fundamental pulse (1543 nm), 15 μJ frequency doubled (771.5 nm) and 1 μJ frequency quadrupled (385.7 nm) are achieved. The nonlinear effect of stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS) was observed and a suitable operating regime was established to avoid deleterious effects of SBS. A fiber sensor based on the on the principle of Optical Low Coherence Reflectometry (OLCR) was developed based on a low coherence ASE Erbium fiber source. The system was characterized in detail and was tested in the determination of the refractive index and physical thickness of a few liquid hydrocarbon samples e.g. hexane and chloroform, at the bottom of an industrial high pressure test cell.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R34385
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Photonics and Plasmas
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Robert Fedosejeves (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Mark Freeman (Physics)
    • Dr. Ying Tsui (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
    • Dr. Robert Fedosejeves (Electrical and Computer Engineering)