Forage Responses to Herbicide Weed Control in Grass-Legume Swards

  • Author / Creator
    McLeod, Erin Marie
  • Two field studies assessed sward dynamics to legume removal with and without Canada thistle and other broadleaf plants (i.e. forbs). When grown in mixtures with grass, alfalfa had a more consistent negative yield response to legume removal compared to clover swards. Within established pastures, total forage (i.e. legume and grass) had little association with Canada thistle, but was instead associated with perennial forbs such as dandelion. Grass responses (biomass and protein yield) in established swards were unable to compensate for legume removal up to 2 years after spraying. Relative yield ratios were used to identify weed and legume thresholds, and indicated the removal of legume and Canada thistle did not always negatively impact forage production. Instead, select positive yield responses were observed depending on the initial composition, growing conditions and abundance of weed and legume.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Edward Bork
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Simon Landhausser (Renewable Resources)
    • Dr. Jane King (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science
    • Dr. Linda Hall (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)