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Taking it into Their Own Hands: Innovative Wildfire Mitigation Measures at the Municipal Level

  • Author / Creator
    Labossiere, Leanne M. M.
  • Wildfires are an environmental hazard event experienced by populations and communities across the world. These events can have significant and long-lasting effects on the communities that are impacted, which makes the importance of mitigation apparent. Partners in Protection, a non-governmental organization in Canada, developed the FireSmart program and manual in 1999. This manual includes recommendations to homeowners and municipalities about how to reduce their wildfire risks. Some municipalities have been innovative by adopting FireSmart recommendations and developing and implementing their own additional measures to reduce fire risks. The purpose of this study is to explore how and why two local governments in British Columbia conceived, developed and implemented innovative wildfire mitigation measures at the municipal level. In-depth interviews were conducted with a total of 21 individuals involved in municipal wildfire mitigation (such as fire chiefs, mayors, emergency managers) across both communities. The results of this research show that several factors affected the success of these innovative municipal wildfire mitigation programs. These include: the effects of mountain pine beetle; the importance of community support and ‘sense of community’; the post-event window of opportunity; access to funding and resources; collaboration and partnership between various stakeholders; and the importance of a ‘community champion’. Limitations and obstacles to municipal wildfire mitigation are also identified and discussed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2015-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Arts
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3474706T
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • McGee, Tara (Earth & Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Collins, Damian (Earth & Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Hallstrom, Lars (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology )