Failure criteria for tearing of telescoping wrinkles

  • Author / Creator
    Ahmed, Arman U
  • An ever increasing demand to exploit oil and natural gas reserves has significantly increased extraction activities even in the remotest regions of the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of the Canadian North. Steel pipelines are the most efficient mode for transporting and distributing these resources. These pipelines, particularly buried in cold region, often subjected to extreme geo-environmental conditions, where significant inelastic deformation may occur resulting in localized wrinkles. Under continued deformation, there is a possibility of excessive cross-sectional deformation at wrinkle locations, eventually leading to fracture or damage in the pipe wall jeopardizing pipeline safety and integrity . Prior research indicated that occurrence of fracture in pipe wrinkle is rare under monotonic load-deformation process. However, a recent field fracture was observed within the wrinkle location of an energy pipeline. Similar failure mode was observed in a laboratory specimen at the University of Alberta. Both field and laboratory observations had indicated that the final failure was a “tearing” failure at the fold of the telescopic wrinkles resulting from monotonic application of axial load not aligned with pipe axis. This research program was designed to study this specific failure mode and to develop design tool for pipeline engineers. This research started with examining the failed field and test specimens. A preliminary investigation was carried out using nonlinear finite element (FE) model to simulate test and field behaviour. Numerical results have indicated that even under monotonic loading, significant strain reversals could occur at the wrinkle fold . Presence of these strain reversals was proposed as the preliminary failure criterion responsible for this unique failure mechanism. In next phase, a full-scale ‘pipe-wrinkling’ test program was carried out concurrent to this research to better understand the loading condition responsible for this type of failure. Results of this test program have shown the presence of tearing fracture or rupture in the pipe walls of several of test specimens. A series of FE analyses was then carried out to predict and verify the behaviour of these test specimens. After successful simulation of the test behaviour, further numerical analyses were carried out using tension coupon model developed herein to simulate the material behaviour using the material test data and hence to formulate the limiting conditions in terms of critical strain responsible for the tearing failure. Based on these numerical results, a double criterion  ‘Strain Reversal’ and ‘Critical Equivalent Plastic Strain Limit’, were proposed to predict tearing fracture of wrinkled pipe under monotonic loading. Results of these numerical analyses have demonstrated that the proposed criteria predict this failure mode with reasonable accuracy. In the final phase of this research, a parametric study was carried out to consider the effect of different parameters on failure modes of wrinkled pipe. Results of this parametric study describe the range of parameters under which the tearing mechanism can/may exhibit.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Cheng, Roger (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Jar, Ben (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Chen, Weixing (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Driver, Robert (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Tassoulas, John (Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin)
    • Adeeb, Samer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)