Silencing immunoglobulin gene enhancers as a potential treatment strategy for multiple myeloma

  • Author / Creator
    Toman, Inka
  • Multiple myeloma is a bone marrow malignancy characterized by the presence of monoclonal plasma cells. In 50-75% of myeloma patients, chromosome translocations at the IgH locus are observed, which result in overexpression of oncogenes from the translocated chromosome due to linkage with the IgH enhancers. IgH enhancer activity is mediated by the B cell-specific transcription factors Bob1 and Oct2. We hypothesized that inhibiting the IgH enhancer, through inhibition of Bob1 and Oct2, is a potential therapeutic strategy for translocation-positive myeloma. The expression and prognostic value of Bob1 and Oct2 in myeloma patient samples were assayed. High Bob1 expression was associated with increased survival, whereas high Oct2 expression was associated with reduced survival. In a t(4;14) myeloma cell line, Bob1 inhibition led to decreased expression of the translocated oncogene, FGFR3; however, this did not lead to decreased proliferation or increased apoptosis. To fully understand the roles of Bob1 and Oct2 in myeloma, further research is required.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2009
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.