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Sex Differences in the Relationship between Childhood Trauma and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Adulthood

  • Author / Creator
    Garad, Hayat
  • Childhood trauma is a chronic stressor that has been linked to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Evidence also shows that females may have a heightened reactivity to interpersonal and chronic stress than males. The subjects for this study included 6881 members of Statistics Canada's National Population Health Survey. The main objectives were to assess whether women who report childhood trauma are more likely than men who report childhood trauma to have CVD, and possible mediating and moderating factors in the association between childhood trauma and CVD. Our results suggested that the effect of childhood trauma on CVD is heightened among women when compared to men. Stressful life events in adulthood were found to heighten the impact of childhood trauma on CVD, particularly among women. Also, depression, smoking, and poor diet were found to partially mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and CVD. This has important implications for sex differences in CVD risk.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-09
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3R996
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • School of Public Health Sciences
  • Specialization
    • Epidemiology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Colman, Ian (Epidemiology and Community Medicine)
    • Maximova, Katerina (School of Public Health Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Maximova, Katerina (School of Public Health Sciences)
    • McGrath, Jennifer (Psychology)
    • Kozyrskj, Anita (Pediatrics)
    • Nykiforuk, Candace (School of Public Health Sciences)
    • Colman, Ian (Epidemiology and Community Medicine)