Literature Review of Naturally-Occurring Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Oil Sands Mining Reclamation Practice

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  • Paragon Soil and Environmental Consulting Inc. (Paragon) was contracted to complete a literature review of naturally-occurring petroleum hydrocarbons (NPHCs) in oil sands mining reclamation practice for the Canadian Oil Sands Innovation Alliance (COSIA) Joint Industry Project (JIP) partners Syncrude Canada Ltd. (Syncrude), Imperial Oil Resources Ltd. (Imperial), and Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. (CNRL). The main objective of the COSIA JIP on PHCs in oil sands mining reclamation practice (the Project) is to provide capping thickness and cover design guidance to industry members. (As cited in Introduction.)

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    Permission for non-commercial use, publication or presentation of excerpts or figures is granted, provided appropriate attribution is cited. Commercial reproduction, in whole or in part, is not permitted without prior written consent from COSIA. An original copy is on file with COSIA and is the primary reference with precedence over any other reproduced copies of the document. Reliance upon third party use of these materials is at the sole risk of the end user. COSIA, the JIP Participants and Paragon accept no responsibility for damages, if any, suffered by any third party as a result of decisions made or actions based on this document. The use of these materials by a third party is done without any affiliation with or endorsement by COSIA, the JIP Participants and Paragon.