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Characterization of microRNA expression in bovine adipose tissues: A potential regulatory mechanism of subcutaneous adipose tissue development

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a family of small non-coding RNA molecules, appear to regulate animal lipid metabolism and preadipocyte conversion to form lipid-assimilating adipocytes (i.e. adipogenesis). However, no miRNA to date has been reported to modulate adipogenesis and lipid deposition in beef cattle. Results The expression patterns of 89 miRNAs including four bovine specific miRNAs in subcutaneous adipose tissues from three groups of crossbred steers differing in backfat thickness were compared using qRT-PCR analysis. Eighty-six miRNAs were detectable in all samples, with 42 miRNAs differing among crossbreds (P < 0.05) and 15 miRNAs differentially expressed between tissues with high and low backfat thickness (P < 0.05). The expression levels of 18 miRNAs were correlated with backfat thickness (P < 0.05). The miRNA most differentially expressed and the most strongly associated with backfat thickness was miR-378, with a 1.99-fold increase in high backfat thickness tissues (r = 0.72). Conclusions MiRNA expression patterns differed significantly in response to host genetic components. Approximately 20% of the miRNAs in this study were identified as being correlated with backfat thickness. This result suggests that miRNAs may play a regulatory role in white adipose tissue development in beef animals.

  • Date created
    2010
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CR7H
  • License
    Attribution 4.0 International
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Jin, W., M.V. Dodson, Moore, S.S., Basarab, J.A. and L.Guan, L. (2010). Characterization of microRNA expression in bovine adipose tissues: A potential regulatory mechanism of subcutaneous adipose tissue development. BMC Molecular Biology 11(29), 29-37. doi: 10.1186/1471-2199-11-29 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2199/11/29
  • Link to related item
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2199-11-29