One-sided Steel Shear Connections in Column Removal Scenario

  • Author / Creator
    Daneshvar, Hossein
  • There are many design methodologies and philosophies intended to provide structural integrity or increase structural robustness, thereby making structures resistant to progressive collapse. However, there is little information that reveals sources and levels of inherent robustness in structural steel members and systems. The present study seeks to begin the process of behaviour evaluation of components and assemblages initially designed for other purposes than progressive collapse, such as gravity loads, and make recommendations regarding their performance and possible methods for improvements for the new scenario. These recommendations can lead to more economical design and safer structural steel systems in the event of localised damage that has the potential to spread to a disproportionately large part of the structure. Connections play a major role in ensuring general integrity of different types of steel structural systems. Hence, numerical investigations have been performed to extend the current body of knowledge on connections and, consequently, the structural response in the event of progressive collapse. This study is intended to examine the response of steel frames with simple shear connections in the aftermath of unusual and extreme localized loads. The main goal of this research is to evaluate the behaviour of some prevalent and economical one-sided (i.e., connected only on one side of the supported beam web) shear connection types—shear tab, tee (WT), and single angle—in buildings, and perform numerical analyses on those connection configurations under extreme loading scenarios represented generically by the socalled “column removal scenario”. Characteristic features of the connection response, such as the potential to develop a reliable alternative path load through catenary action and ultimate rotational capacities, are discussed to provide a solid foundation for assessing the performance of buildings with these types of connections. Observations regarding the analysis results are synthesized and conclusions are drawn with respect to the demands placed on the connections. The results of this research project should contribute to a better understanding of the resistance of steel structures with one-sided shear connections to progressive collapse.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Structural Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Driver, Robert, G.(Civil and Environmental Enginnering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Driver, Robert, G.(Civil and Environmental Enginnering)
    • Foley, Christopher (Marquette University- Civil Engineering)
    • El-rich, Marwan (Civil and Environmental Enginnering)
    • Cheng, Roger (Civil and Environmental Enginnering)
    • Faulkner, Gary (Civil and Environmental Enginnering)
    • Chalaturnyk, Rick (Civil and Environmental Enginnering)