Dietary assessment of First Nations elementary school children

  • Author / Creator
    Macias-Berumen, Daniela I
  • The prevalence of child overweight/obesity in Canada has increased over the last 25 years. The prevalence is 2-3 times higher in Aboriginal compared to non-Aboriginal children. Some dietary behaviors are directly associated with obesity. The consumption of vegetables and fruit, milk, and traditional Aboriginal food is associated with healthier weights. The goals of this study were to refine two dietary assessment tools and employ them to determine the dietary intakes of First Nation children living in a community in central Alberta. Children in this study (n=28) presented high levels of both overweight/obesity (63%) and abdominal obesity (26%). Consumption of vegetables and fruits, and milk were below the daily recommendations according to “Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide”. Few children ate traditional foods. In contrast, intakes of foods that should be limited were much higher than recommendations. Information from this study will serve to tailor future interventions to improve healthy dietary practices in Aboriginal school children.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition & Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Noreen Willows (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Anna Farmer (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science and the Centre for Health Promotion Studies)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Brenda Parlee (Faculty of Native Studies and Department of Resource Economics & Environmental Sociology).
    • Geoff Ball (Department of Pediatrics)