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Prevalence and Predictors of Infant Feeding Practices in Alberta, Western Canada

  • Author / Creator
    Jessri, Mahsa
  • Despite the evidence supporting 6-month exclusive breastfeeding, few Canadian mothers follow the recommendations. The first study in this thesis evaluated predictors of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding among participants of Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study. The 6-month exclusive breastfeeding rate was 15.3%, and higher maternal education and multiparity increased the probability by 3.76 and 2.21 times, respectively (P<0.03). Women in the highest quartile of Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale score were 4.29 times more likely to breastfeed exclusively (p-trend<0.001). The second study was an ethnographic assessment of infant feeding experiences among Middle Eastern mothers in Canada. Five layers of influence emerged from focus groups among which religious beliefs were the strongest factors dismissing all negative influences on breastfeeding. However, cultural practices promoted pre-lacteal feeding and jeopardized breastfeeding exclusivity. Our findings suggest the necessity of developing culturally-sensitive programs targeting maternal attitudes and beliefs to promote infant feeding practices in Alberta.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3842G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Farmer, Anna P (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Bell, Rhonda C (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
    • Willows, Noreen D (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
    • Katerina Maximova (Department of Public Health Sciences)