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Scoping the Literature about Internationally Educated Nurses in Canada: Mapping a Research Agenda

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • The purpose of this scoping review was to map the key themes in the Canadian literature about the professional integration of internationally educated nurses (IENs), identify the types, sources and gaps in evidence, and provide recommendations for research. The review was guided by a six-step methodological framework for scoping reviews. The search and selection of the academic and grey literature published between 2000 -2013 resulted in the retention of 157 papers for full-text screening. Major themes derived from the literature reflect stages of IENs’ professional integration: pre-immigration and early arrival, professional recertification, workforce integration, and workplace integration. Data were extracted, coded and collated using electronic charts. Numerical and qualitative thematic summaries were used to analyze the data. Recommendations for research include: creating data systems to track IEN immigration and integration; determining the effectiveness of programs and policies for IENs, examining the influence of language proficiency on professional recertification, workplace integration and patient safety.

  • Date created
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
  • License
    Attribution 4.0 International
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  • Citation for previous publication
    • Covell, C., Neiterman, E., & Bourgeault, I. (2014). A Scoping Review of the Literature on Internationally Educated Nurses in Canada: Mapping a Research Agenda . Canadian Journal of Nursing Research Archive, 46(3), 26-45. Retrieved from
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