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Reactions of anthocyanins and o-quinones in model systems and foods

  • Author / Creator
    Afanas'yev, Dmytro
  • Molecules of anthocyanins and quinones possess distinctive electrophilic character, which is demonstrated by their facile reactions with nucleophiles such as sulfite, thiols, amines and water. In food systems, one of their likely targets would be nucleophilic centers in the side chains of amino acids. Our experiments revealed that on a short-term exposure (1 – 72 h) to free amino acids in solutions with pH < 7 glycosides of cyanidin and quinones of phenolic acids did not yield nucleophilic addition products with most of the amino acids. A notable exception was cysteine, which reacted with oxidized phenolic acids and caused anthocyanin bleaching at elevated temperature. Thermodynamic aspects of the nucleophilic addition reactions were investigated with the aid of computational chemistry. We have also found that enzymatic browning in apricot puree does not lead to trans-cis β-carotene isomerization, contrary to some previous reports. Increased availability of β-carotene for extraction was recorded for browned apple- and pear-apricot purees in comparison with the non-browned purees.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3DD8R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Schieber, Andreas (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ozga, Jocelyn (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Vederas, John (Chemistry)