Vitrification of intact human articular cartilage.

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Articular cartilage injuries do not heal and large defects result in osteoarthritis with major personal and socioeconomic costs. Osteochondral transplantation is an effective treatment for large joint defects but its use is limited by the inability to store cartilage for long periods of time. Cryopreservation/vitrification is one method to enable banking of this tissue but decades of research have been unable to successfully preserve the tissue while maintaining cartilage on its bone base – a requirement for transplantation. To address this limitation, human knee articular cartilage from total knee arthroplasty patients and deceased donors was exposed to specified concentrations of 4 different cryoprotective agents for mathematically determined periods of time at lowering temperatures. After complete exposure, the cartilage was immersed in liquid nitrogen for up to 3 months. Cell viability was 75.4 ± 12.1% determined by membrane integrity stains and confirmed with a mitochondrial assay and pellet culture documented production of sulfated glycosaminoglycans and collagen II similar to controls. This report documents successful vitrification of intact human articular cartilage on its bone base making it possible to bank this tissue indefinitely.

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    Article (Published)
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    © 2012 Elsevier. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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    • Nadr M. Jomha, Janet A.W. Elliott, Garson K. Law, Babak Maghdoori, J. Fraser Forbes, Alireza Abazari, Adetola B. Adesida, Leila Laouar, Xianpei Zhou, Locksley E. McGann, Vitrification of intact human articular cartilage, Biomaterials, Volume 33, Issue 26, September 2012, Pages 6061-6068, ISSN 0142-9612, (