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Laboratory Study of Freeze-Thaw Dewatering of Albian Mature Fine Tailings (MFT)

  • Author / Creator
    Zhang, Ying
  • Tailing ponds in Northern Alberta has covered an area of 170 km2. Directive 074 issued in 2009 set stringent criteria for tailings reclamation. Freeze-thaw dewatering is one of the most promising approaches for dewatering MFT as one cycle of freeze-thaw can release up to 50% pore water. In this research, freezing tests were conducted with different temperature boundaries. A lower freezing rate induced higher solids content and higher undrained shear strength. In addition, finite strain consolidation tests were performed on both as-received and frozen/thawed MFT. Freeze-thaw decreased the compressibility to about half that of as-received MFT and increased the permeability to 6 times that of as-received MFT with the same void ratio. Both compressibility and permeability curves converged at higher effective stress (σ’=100 kPa). The coefficient of consolidation of frozen/thawed MFT was larger at lower effective stress and smaller at higher effective stress, comparing with that of as-received MFT. These results can be used to predict the field behaviors of Albian MFT and optimize the application of freeze-thaw dewatering.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R32Q13
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Sego, Dave (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Chanasyk, David (Renewable Resources)
    • Joseph, Timothy (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Wilson, Ward (Civil and Environmental Engineering)