Determining the nutritional and economic impact of feed waste when wintering beef cows in central Alberta

  • Author / Creator
    Yaremcio, Barry
  • Two experiments measured winter feed waste when cows were fed forage on snow. In the first experiment, feed waste was different (P<0.01) when alfalfa meadow brome mixed hay was fed by bale unroller or bale processor; waste was12.9% vs.19.2%, protein losses were 23.3% and 21.5% respectfully. Feed waste, nutrient replacement and additional equipment costs increased winter feeding costs by $52.50 and $56.25 per head respectfully for a 175 day feeding period. Hay processed into portable bunk feeders, experienced 0% feed waste. In the second experiment, feed waste when barley cereal silage fed either as high moisture round bale silage or chopped pit silage was fed on snow was not different (P>0.05) at 23.2% and 26.8% respectfully. When chopped barley cereal silage or high moisture round bale silage was fed into bunks, feed waste was 0%. Protein losses were 27.1% and 24.2% for the pit and round bale silage. Feed waste, nutrient replacement and additional equipment costs increased winter feeding costs by $164.50 for pit silage and $126.00 for bale silage over a 175 day feeding period.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Okine, Erasmus (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Goonewardene, Laksiri (Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development)
    • Oba, Masahito (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • McCartney, Duane (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
    • Lardner, Bart (Department of Animal Science, University of Saskatchewan)