Assessing Energy Adequacy, Healthy Food Diversity, and Self-Reported Food Security in the United States, Canada, and India

  • Author / Creator
    Minhas, Simrat
  • In order to assess the effectiveness of public policy interventions (or lack of) aimed at food insecure households, an individual’s socio-economic and demographic status, energy adequacy, and healthy food diversity need to be better understood. Through a cross-country comparison (Canada, US and India) of the determinants of dietary adequacy and diversity, with different policy programs aimed at enhancing food security in place, we can provide recommendations for effective strategies aimed at reducing food insecurity, in different contexts. Results suggest that multiple indicators need to be assessed to understand the multi-faceted nature of a household’s food security status. Income plays a significant role in energy adequacy, while respondent age and family size play an important role in healthy food diversity. Assessing policy programs by effectiveness suggests that India may benefit from a cash transfer program instead of the traditional TPDS.

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  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
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    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.