Control of moving boundary parabolic partial differential equations (PDEs)

  • Author / Creator
    Izadi, Mojtaba
  • Mathematical models of many transport processes are in the forms given by parabolic partial differential equations (PDEs). There are phenomena which may cause changes in shape and material properties of the process domain resulting in a moving boundary parabolic PDE model of the process. The focus of this thesis is to develop two control methods for parabolic PDE systems with time-dependent spatial domain. The first approach uses the PDE backstepping tool for stabilization of a class of one-dimensional unstable parabolic PDEs. In this method, an integral transformation maps the PDE system to a suitably selected exponentially stable target system. The kernel of transformation is defined by the solution of the kernel PDE that is of higher-order in space. It is shown that the kernel PDE is well-posed and a numerical solution is provided with the error analysis to establish the accuracy. The stabilizing control law is shown in the form of state-feedback with the gain in terms of kernel function. In addition, the backstepping-based observer design for state estimation of parabolic PDEs with time-dependent spatial domain is provided for a collocated boundary measurement and actuation. Specifically, the PDE system that describes the observation error dynamics is also transformed to the exponentially stable target system. The exponential stability of the closed-loop system with observer-based output-feedback controller is established by the use of a Lyapunov function. Finally, numerical solutions to the kernel PDEs and simulations are given to demonstrate successful stabilization of the unstable system. Modal decomposition techniques have been extensively used for the order-reduction of dissipative systems. The second approach is the use of Karhunen-Loeve (KL) decomposition to find the empirical eigenfunctions of the solution of moving boundary PDE systems. A mapping functional is obtained, which relates the evolution of the solution of the parabolic PDE with time-varying domain to a fixed reference configuration, while preserving space invariant properties of the initial solution ensemble. Subsequently, a low dimensional set of empirical eigenfunctions on the fixed domain is found and is mapped on the original time-varying domain resulting in the basis for the construction of the reduced-order model of the parabolic PDE system with time-varying domain. These modes are used as the basis set of functions in the Galerkin's method to find a reduced-order model for the optimal control design and state observation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Process Control
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dubljevic, Stevan (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Forbes, Fraser (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Koch, Bob (Department of Mechanical Engineering)
    • Daoutidis, Prodromos (Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota)
    • Prasad, Vinay (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)