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On-Farm and Ante Mortem Factors Affecting Broiler Quality

  • Author / Creator
    Schneider, Brenda
  • Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of nutrition, temperature during feed withdrawal, shackling duration, sex and age at processing on broiler quality. Low energy (94% of recommended) diets resulted in a lower percentage of carcass fat while increasing the percentage of carcass protein. Low protein (85% of recommended) resulted in a decreased percentage of carcass protein while carcass fat increased. Low protein diets also limited frame size as measured by length and width of P. major. Exposure to 9 C temperatures during feed withdrawal resulted in improved meat quality as measured by higher ultimate pH, lower drip loss and darker color. Long shackling time (120 s) did not affect ultimate pH, drip or cooking losses compared to short shackling (<10 s); however, short shackled broilers exhibited poorer tenderness values. Males had higher carcass protein and lower fat than females. Females exhibited higher ultimate pH, higher drip loss and lighter breast meat. Drip loss and ultimate pH decreased with age. Processing age and sex of broilers may have greater influences on meat quality than previously reported.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Q59H
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Betti, Mirko (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Zuidhof, Martin J. (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Robinson, Frank E. (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Steiner, Bodo (Rural Economy)
    • Renema, Robert A. (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)