Investigation of Effervescent Atomization Using Laser-Based Measurement Techniques

  • Author / Creator
    Ghaemi, Sina
  • Effervescent atomization has been a topic of considerable investigation in the literature due to its important advantages over other atomization mechanisms. This work contributes to the development of both effervescent atomizers and also laser-based techniques for spray investigation In order to develop non-intrusive measurement techniques for spray applications, a procedure is suggested to characterize the shape of droplets using image-based droplet analyzers. Image discretization which is a major source of error in droplet shape measurement is evaluated using a simulation. The accuracy of StereoPIV system in conducting droplet velocity measurement in a spray field is also investigated. To assist in the design of effervescent atomizers, bubble formation during gas injection from a micro-tube into liquid cross-flow is investigated using a Shadow-PIV/PTV system. The generated spray fields of two effervescent atomizers which operate using a porous and a typical multi-hole air injector are compared using qualitative images and Shadow-PTV measurement.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • David S. Nobes (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Payam Rahimi (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Alidad Amirfazli (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Sean Sanders (Chemical Engineering)