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The Effects of Mixing, Reaction Rate and Stoichiometry on Yield for Mixing Sensitive Reactions

  • Author / Creator
    Shah, Syed Imran A.
  • Competitive-Consecutive and Competitive-Parallel reactions are both mixing sensitive reactions; the yield of desired product from these reactions depends on how fast the reactants are brought together. Recent experimental results have suggested that the mixing effect may depend strongly on the stoichiometry of the reactions. To investigate this, a 1-D, non-dimensional, reaction-diffusion model at the micro-mixing scale has been developed. Assuming constant mass concentration and diffusivities, systems of PDE’s have been derived on a mass fraction basis for both types of reactions. A single general Damköhler number and specific dimensionless reaction rate ratios were derived for both reaction schemes. The resulting dimensionless equations were simulated to investigate the effects of mixing, reaction rate ratio and stoichiometry of the reactions. It was found that decreasing the striation thickness and the dimensionless rate ratio maximizes yield for both types of reactions and that the stoichiometry has a considerable effect on yield. All three variables were found to interact strongly. Phase plots showing the interactions between the three variables were developed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3GQ1T
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kostiuk, Larry (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Kresta, Suzanne (Chemical & Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dechaine, Greg (Chemical & Materials Engineering)