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A Background Subtraction Algorithm for a Pan-tilt Camera

  • Author / Creator
    Chen, Ying
  • This thesis is concerned with the detection of moving objects with a background subtraction algorithm from a pan-tilt camera. Traditionally, motion compensation is performed on the current image to align its pixels with their background models built temporally form their previous measurements. Appearance-based methods are sensitive to pixel misalignment during camera motion compensation. This problem can be alleviated by using pixel-wise motion such as optical flow, motion itself, can be inaccurate and, contributes to false positive foreground detection. In this thesis, we exploit the fact that pixel misalignment and inaccurate optical flow tend not to occur spatially simultaneously. Consequently, we can substantially improve the performance of the background subtraction algorithm by evaluating the marginal statistical models of appearance and motion separately – rather than jointly – in classifying whether a pixel is foreground. We conduct extensive experiments to validate our approach and establish its superiority to other competing algorithms in the literature.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3BZ61H20
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Computing Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Hong Zhang
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Hong Zhang (Computing Science)
    • Herb, Yang (Computing Science)
    • Nilanjan Ray (Computing Science)