Communities and Collections

Distinguishing Zundel and Keegstra

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Introduction: In 1984, Ernst Zundel, a commercial artist living in Toronto, was charged with two counts of spreading false news contrary to s. 181 (formerly s. 177) of the Criminal Code. Section 181 of the Criminal Code provides: Every one who wilfully publishes a statement, tale or news that he knows is false and that causes or is likely to cause injury or mischief to a public interest is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. The charges arose from the publication of two articles: The West, War and Islam! and Did Six Million Really Die? The West, War and Islam! was not distributed in Canada and Zundel was, consequently, acquitted of the charge pertaining to it.

  • Date created
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
  • License
    © 1993 B. Elman and E. Nelson. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Elman, B., & Nelson, E. (1993). Distinguishing Zundel and Keegstra. Constitutional Forum, 4(3), 71-78. Retrieved from