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Mathematics Intervention for Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

  • Author / Creator
    Kully-Martens, Katrina V.
  • Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) experience deficits in behavior, cognition, and academic functioning resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Although receiving intervention for developmental disabilities is a strong protective factor against negative outcomes in FASD, intervention research in this population is in its infancy. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a mathematics intervention developed in the USA specifically for children with FASD. Seventeen Canadian children aged 4-10 with confirmed PAE or an FASD diagnosis were assigned to either the math intervention or a contrast intervention. At pre-test, both groups generally exhibited below-average math, executive function, working memory, and visuospatial skills. Following a relatively brief, individualized, one-on-one intervention, children in the math group demonstrated significantly greater changes in math achievement than the contrast group. Significant changes in other cognitive functions were not observed. Older age, lower IQ, and lower socioeconomic status were associated with increased math treatment change in the math group. The replication and extension of the math intervention appears to have significant, positive impact on mathematics achievement scores of children with PAE and FASD.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3T38C
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Specialization
    • Psychological Studies in Education
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Pei, Jacqueline (Educational Psychology)
    • Rasmussen, Carmen (Pediatrics)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Cormier, Damien (Educational Psychology)
    • Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)