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Clustering Survival Data using Random Forest and Persistent Homology

  • Author / Creator
    Wubie, Berhanu A.
  • Survival data is mostly analyzed using Cox proportional hazards model to identify factors associated with survival time of patients. However recently random survival forest (RSF), a non-parametric method for ensemble estimation constructed by bagging of classification trees for survival data, is used as an alternative method for better survival prediction and ranking the importance of covariates associated with it. In addition to identification of variable importance for survival prediction, exploring clusters in survival data using the variables identified as important in RSF analysis were applied. Clustering survival data (patients) to assess their survival experience was investigated using random forest clustering based on partitioning around the medoids and persistent homology (PH), a topological data analysis (TDA) technique for cluster identification in lower dimension (dimension zero). In both methods, we were able to identify different groups of patients possessing different survival experience accounting for those covariates most important in determining survival experience. The clusters formed were assessed for significant difference in their survival experience (log-rank test) and were found to have difference in survival experience between them. Further investigation was applied using PH to explore more detailed characteristic features of patients at higher dimension (dimension one). Both clustering methods result in a promising exploration of groups within patients that will give insight into to patient handling and give valuable information in providing quality service to patients who need more attention. All analysis procedures in this thesis were done using two datasets: the kidney and liver dataset.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2016-06:Fall 2016
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R34Q7R14G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
  • Specialization
    • Biostatistics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Giseon Heo (Medicine and Dentistry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Bei Jiang (Statistics)
    • Linglong Kong (Statistics)
    • Russ Greiner (Computing Science)