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Analysis of Nanoscale Heat Transport Using Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Simulation

  • Author / Creator
    Teo, Choon Ngan
  • A Lennard-Jones gas confined by two parallel solid walls was studied using non-equilibrium Molecular Dynamics, where one-dimensional, steady heat flow was introduced through the gas. Under this condition, the velocity distribution in the direction of heat flow was found to develop skewness and the kurtosis was shown to increase with increasing gas density. In contrast, orthogonal velocity distributions presented no skewness but kurtosis was also found to deviate from equilibrium values. Analysis of statistics conditioned by the sign of molecular velocity showed that the difference in kinetic energy resulted in heat transfer. A proposed adiabatic feedback kurtosis controller, referred to as a kurtostat, manipulates velocity using a differential velocity scaling technique. This controller was used in a test setup to push the gas out of equilibrium without introducing heat flow, and it was found that velocity kurtoses were not independent but weakly coupled with a steady-state gain of approximately 0.16.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2012-09
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3MW3J
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Chemical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kostiuk, Larry (Department of Mechanical Engineering)
    • Choi, Phillip (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Liu, Qi (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Kostiuk, Larry (Department of Mechanical Engineering)
    • Choi, Phillip (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Yeung, Anthony (Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering)