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Ruminal acidosis in dairy calves during the weaning transition

  • Author / Creator
    Laarman, Anne Hermen
  • The goal of this research was to evaluate the effects of calf starter fermentation on rumen pH, metabolic adaptation of ruminal epithelia and growth of calves during the weaning transition. In study 1, calf starter consumption increased short chain fatty acid concentration in the rumen and changed expression of genes involved in ketogenesis and intracellular pH regulation but did not affect rumen pH. In study 2, decreasing dietary starch content did not increase rumen pH. However, feeding a calf starter that had the highest in situ dry matter disappearance lowered rumen pH without adversely affecting feed intake and growth of calves. These findings suggest that rumen epithelium can metabolically adapt to increased fermentation in the rumen at molecular level, and that sub-acute rumen acidosis may not adversely affect feed intake and productivity of dairy calves during the weaning transition.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3QH6T
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Oba, Masahito (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Guan, Leluo (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Keelan, Monika (Laboratory Medicine & Pathology)
    • Zijlstra, Ruurd (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)