Detrital Zircon Studies in Silurian Basins of Southern New Brunswick

  • Author / Creator
    Dokken, Robert J.
  • The Appalachian orogen in eastern Canada resulted from the Paleozoic convergence of the continents Laurentia and Gondwana during the closure of the intervening Iapetus Ocean. In New Brunswick, the Fredericton Trough and Mascarene Basin were filled in the Silurian within the peri-Gondwanan domain of Ganderia during associated convergence and ocean closure. Detrital zircon geochronological studies demonstrate that the northern formations of the Fredericton Trough were juxtaposed with Laurentia in the early Silurian; however, southern portions of the trough were still separated from Laurentia at this time, indicating the persistence of the Iapetus Ocean. These southern formations record the arrival of Laurentian detritus by the mid-Wenlock, indicating that components of Ganderia were juxtaposed with Laurentia by this time, coinciding with ocean closure. The location of the terminal Iapetan suture, marking the closure of the last portion of Iapetus Ocean, is approximated by the Fredericton Fault, which bisects the trough. Analogous studies in the Mascarene back-arc basin, to the south of the Fredericton Trough, show that it was separated from Laurentia until at least the late Llandovery, and may suggest juxtaposition with a composite Laurentia by 423 ± 1 Ma. These combined results suggest a scenario where Ganderian terranes were successively accreted to Laurentia in the Silurian, as recorded by the progressively increasing extent of Laurentian detritus in juxtaposed terranes.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-11:Fall 2017
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Waldron, John (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Pearson, Graham (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • DuFrane, Scott (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
    • Waldron, John (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)