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Discovering Spatial Co-Clustering Patterns in Collision Data

  • Author / Creator
    Li, Dapeng
  • Identifying spatial patterns of collisions is critical for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of traffic enforcement deployment and road safety. Recently, many studies have centred on finding locations with high collision concentration, so-called hotspots. However, most of them only focus on the location information of the collision data, without integrating the non-spatial attributes into analysis. Taking non-spatial attributes into account opens opportunities to reveal attribute-related hotspots that otherwise goes undetected, and can add valuable indicators for explaining those hotspots. In this thesis, we address this problem. We propose a method for identifying the sets of non-spatial attribute-value pairs (AVPs) that together contribute significantly to the spatial clustering of the corresponding collisions. We call such AVP sets Spatial Co-Clustering Patterns (SCCPs). By applying our method on Edmonton’s collision data, we discovered larger numbers of meaningful hotspot patterns than traditional methods did, and revealed the relevant non-spatial indicators for explaining those hotspots.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WH50
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Computing Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Nascimento, Mario A. (Computing Science)
    • Sander, Joerg (Computing Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Nascimento, Mario A. (Computing Science)
    • Yang, Herbert (Computing Science)
    • Sander, Joerg (Computing Science)
    • Bowling, Michael (Computing Science)